Efeitos de diferentes modelos de periodização em treinamento de força sobre capacidades físicas e motoras durante 24 semanas de treinamento
REF / JPE 2021; 90, 1

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Palavras-chave

treinamento resistido
musculação
métodos de treinamento físico
planejamento de treinamento físico strength training
bodybuilding
physical training methods
physical training planning

Como Citar

Faria, D. de A., Gonçalves, M. M., Nassar, S. E., & Oliveira, E. de. (2021). Efeitos de diferentes modelos de periodização em treinamento de força sobre capacidades físicas e motoras durante 24 semanas de treinamento. Revista De Educação Física / Journal of Physical Education, 90(1). https://doi.org/10.37310/ref.v90i1.2693 (Original work published 29º de junho de 2021)

Resumo

Introdução: Periodização é a manipulação adequada das variáveis metodológicas do treinamento de força (TF), para proporcionar o aumento progressivo das diferentes manifestações de força muscular. Os modelos mais utilizados no TF são a periodização linear e a ondulatória.
Objetivo: Avaliar os efeitos de 24 semanas de treinamento aplicando três modelos distintos de Periodização em TF: Linear (PL), Ondulatória Semanal (POS) e Ondulatória Diária (POD) sobre: força (submáxima e de resistência) de membros superiores (MMSS), força submáxima e potência de membros inferiores (MMII) e sobre outros componentes da aptidão física (flexibilidade, agilidade e força de resistência abdominal).
Métodos: Estudo experimental, longitudinal, com amostra por conveniência, do qual participaram 29 pessoas de ambos os sexos, alocados aleatoriamente nos grupos. Os testes foram realizados pré e pós-intervenção. Realizou-se ANOVA (two-way) de medidas repetidas.
Resultados: Houve aumento significativo em força submáxima de MMSS nos três modelos de periodização: PL (p<0,001), a POS (p=0,002) e POD (p=0,001). Houve, também, aumento significativo em força submáxima de MMII com PL (p=0,002), POS (p<0,001) e com POD (p=0,001). Não foram encontradas diferenças significativas intergrupos em nenhum teste e momento.
Conclusão: Em indivíduos sem experiência em treinamento, 24 semanas de TF proporcionaram ganhos em diferentes manifestações de força, independente do modelo de periodização (PL, POS ou POD). A PL e a POS parecem ser melhores para proporcionar ganhos em potência de MMII no salto horizontal.

https://doi.org/10.37310/ref.v90i1.2693
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