Exercício físico e CoViD-19: aspectos de saúde, prevenção e recuperação: uma breve revisão narrativa
REF / JPE 2020; 89, 4
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Como Citar

Martins, L., & Soeiro, R. (2021). Exercício físico e CoViD-19: aspectos de saúde, prevenção e recuperação: uma breve revisão narrativa. Revista De Educação Física / Journal of Physical Education, 89(4), 240–250. https://doi.org/10.37310/ref.v89i4.2724

Resumo

Introdução: O novo coronavírus, agente etiológico da CoViD-19, causa danos a diversos sistemas do corpo humano, particularmente, aos pulmões, coração, cérebro, rins e sistema vascular. Espalhada para o mundo no início de 2020, pouco se sabia sobre a doença. Mais recentemente, surgem evidências de que o exercício físico pode ajudar na sua prevenção.

Objetivo: Apresentar uma breve revisão da literatura acerca da relação de exercício físico com promoção da saúde do sistema imunológica e sua relação com a CoViD-19.

Métodos: Este estudo foi do tipo revisão narrativa. A busca foi realizada na base da dados do PubMed e o Google Scholar. A linguagem utilizada foi o inglês e foram utilizados os termos: “exercise and CoViD-19”.

Resultados e Discussão: O exercício físico melhora a função endotelial, aprimorando o sistema imunológico, contribui para reduzir a obesidade, bem como contribui para melhorar a saúde mental, proporcionando benefícios adicionais, pois, tanto estados afetivos negativos quanto obesidade aumentam a inflamação e diminuem a função imunológica. Maiores níveis de atividade física se associaram a menor prevalência de sintomas de CoViD-19 e inatividade física teve o risco relativo 32% maior para internação hospitalar por CoViD-19.

Conclusão: O exercício promove a saúde mitocondrial, contribuindo para a manutenção do sistema imunológico. A intensidade do exercício físico é importante para melhorar a função endotelial, a imunidade e a saúde mental. Assim o exercício deve ser de intensidade moderada, além de ser mantida a regularidade da prática para que os benefícios orgânicos sejam alcançados.

https://doi.org/10.37310/ref.v89i4.2724
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