Alterações nos níveis de pressão plantar gerados pelo uso de mochila militar durante a posição em pé: um estudo experimental
pdf (English)

Palavras-chave

Militares
Ortostática
fenômenos biomecânicos
sustentação de peso
impressão plantar Military Personnel
Standing Position
biomechanical phenomena
weight-bearing
plantar print

Como Citar

Alves Machado, F., Alex Fernandes, K., Túlio Baptista, M., Ray Nessler , T., Camilo Martinez, E., & Augusto Marson, R. (2021). Alterações nos níveis de pressão plantar gerados pelo uso de mochila militar durante a posição em pé: um estudo experimental. Revista De Educação Física / Journal of Physical Education, 90(3), 224–234. https://doi.org/10.37310/ref.v90i3.2782

Resumo

Introdução: Os pés são um dos principais sítios anatômicos acometidos por lesões decorrentes de tarefas com transporte de carga, podendo afetar negativamente a mobilidade do soldado e reduzir a capacidade operacional de uma tropa militar.

Objetivos: Identificar as alterações na pressão plantar durante a postura estática usando mochila militar com 15 kg, 20 kg, 25 kg e sem carga (NL) comparando com um grupo controle; e verificar se coturno fornecido pelo Exército Brasileiro contribui para a redução da pressão plantar.

Métodos: Vinte e quatro militares do sexo masculino (26.4±5.6 anos; 171.5±3.6 cm; 75.2±6.0 kg) foram avaliados em posição ortostática usando um sistema de baropodometria de palmilhas. O teste de Kruskal-Wallis verificou as diferenças entre os grupos e o teste post hoc de Dunnett determinou quais grupos são diferentes do controle (p≤0.05).

Resultados: Os dados mostraram uma diminuição significativa da pressão plantar no antepé ao comparar a condição controle (54.02±19.56 kPa) com a condição sem carga (35.30±13.00 kPa). Com as cargas houve aumento significativo da pressão plantar apenas no retropé (controle = 74.18±3.80 kPa vs 15 kg = 89.19±15.49 kPa, 20 kg = 102.81±15.01 kPa, 25 kg = 94.20±26.60 kPa). Retropé é a região mais afetada pela carga.

Conclusão: O coturno promove uma diminuição significativa da pressão plantar no antepé em NL. O mediopé não altera a distribuição da pressão plantar. Essas informações podem auxiliar a minimizar o desconforto do soldado.

https://doi.org/10.37310/ref.v90i3.2782
pdf (English)

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